نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری ادبیات غنایی، دانشگاه شیراز
2 زبان و ادبیات فارسی دانشگاه شیراز
عنوان مقاله [English]
Proverbs are important parts of popular culture and are mostly taken from people's lives. Foods that play an important role in people's lives are of the most important elements widely reflect on proverbs. They are used in various ways with various topics in this branch of popular literature. In this article an attempt is made to study the different aspects of this reflection by the means of descriptive-analytical method, qualitative content analysis using library documents. The findings show that foods have played an important role in shaping the cultural identity of this people and their proverbs. Geographical environment and cultural- religious- social perspective play a key role in making proverbs based on food. Elements such as cooking utensils, material contents, utensils used for taking food, rituals surrounding taking food, difficulty of cooking food and written form of foods have been considered in the proverbs to address issues such as disturbing work of others, proper upbringing, forgetting the past, hospitality, worthlessness of gifts and people, complaint of destiny, imposing something upon someone, poverty, restraint of profiteering, contentment and as the most important, making effort. Entirely, the reason of proverbs is constituting the ethical issues in a society.