نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه باستانشناسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
2 کارشناسی ارشد باستانشناسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، کارشناس وظیفه موزه ملی ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
In recent decades, archaeologists have realized the importance of ethnological research in the analysis of archaeological evidences. The main purpose of this type of research is to understand the behaviors of the communities and the correct interpretation of archaeological evidences. In this article, based on the tradition of plowing in Tang e Kooshak village of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad province, Archaeological data have been evaluated to measure similarities of agricultural traditions of ancient periods to the ones at present. What firstly In this study have been taken into attention were the mode and stages of making plough, its components and types of use in agricultural fields of the region. Then by searching the archaeological resources introduction has been made to any obtained plowing tradition as well as comparison between the components of ancient ploughs to the contemporary one. This is done for both revealing types of ploughs available in archaeological evidences and recognizing the closest ancient sample to the above-mentioned plough. Without the classification of ploughs in traditional agriculture in Iran, this goal would not become available. The findings revealed that the Achaemenid sample has the closest resemblance to a sample of Tang e Kooshk.