نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناس مردم شناسی اداره کل میراث فرهنگی، گردشگری و صنایع دستی
2 استادیار گروه علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد گناباد،گناباد، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Propp’s morphological pattern is one of the outstanding and precise methods of classifying and analyzing the stories, structures and formats. By having studied Russian fairy tales, Propp deduced that these stories bear resemblance and unity. Studying the characters of the folktales in South Khorasan is the chief goal of our research. The qualitative approach and Propp's structuralism method were applied in the presented research. The statistical population consists of all the folktales in South Khorasan, 39 of which were collected and sorted out. Thirty-one of them were picked out in order to demonstrate how the aforementioned stories and their characters correspond to Propp’s method and structure, and also to present an overall structure and the dominant rules of the stories.The outcome of the research indicates that Propp’s method does correspond to the folktales in South Khorasan. Moreover, his seven identified functions do correspond to the stories as well. In addition, all these tales begin with an initial tension, and they contain at least a few words of wisdom.