نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکترای مردم شناسی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه تهران
2 استاد مردم شناسی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Bull is a symbol of warfare, power and the male element that is characterized by the supporting the life forces such as fire, blood, plant (life), wine, etc. This function plays a fundamental and key role in the ancient ontology system of the region. The patriarchal systems (owen), royal and religious fire temples, social structures and political power of the society were built based on it. Horns, metals, tools of battle, plough (forks), lightning tools and their symbols are against the enemy, death and destruction. In Mesopotamian mythology that is identified with the characters like Inder, Agni, Ash, Enlil, and Izad-e-Sin, this animal represents the cultural structure and is a symble of the preagricultural period in the region. Meanwhile, the predictive sciences and technologies related to the properties of material elements are relegated to its functions and intertwined with its mythological treatises. The symbolism of this animal inserts in the second function of the three-part structure presented by George Domzil, which is the most important symbol in this structure. The data of this study are the result of fieldwork in Kurdistan, as well as written sources and libraries.